Miguel Indurain, during the test

Miguel Indurain, during the test. (Photo: Iñigo Mujika)

Several months ago I had the great fortune of testing on the cycle ergometer someone who has been without a doubt one of the best cyclists of all times: Miguel Indurain. Just like he did at the top of his game, Miguel gave all he had, and when testing was over I kneeled down in praise. Once again, he showed his quiet mood and great humility, smiled and said: “I am too old for these things”. I didn’t think so! Just have a look at the summary of the article I wrote about the test:

Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2012 Aug 1. [Epub ahead of print]

The Cycling Physiology of Miguel Indurain 14 years after Retirement.

Mujika I.


Age-related fitness declines in athletes can be due to both aging and detraining. Very little is known about the physiological and performance decline of professional cyclists after retirement from competition. To gain some insight into the aging and detraining process of elite cyclists, 5-time Tour de France winner and Olympic Champion Miguel Indurain performed a progressive cycle ergometer test to exhaustion 14 years after retirement from professional cycling (age 46 yrs; body mass 92.2 kg). His maximal values were: oxygen uptake 5.29 l.min-1 (57.4 ml.kg-1.min-1), aerobic power output 450 W (4.88 W.kg-1), heart rate 191 bpm, blood lactate 11.2 mM. Values at the individual lactate threshold (ILT): 4.28 l.min-1 (46.4 ml.kg-1.min-1), 329 W (3.57 W.kg-1), 159 bpm, 2.4 mM. Values at the 4 mM onset of blood lactate accumulation (OBLA): 4.68 l.min-1 (50.8 ml.kg-1.min-1), 369 W (4.00 W.kg-1), 170 bpm. Average cycling gross efficiency between 100 and 350 W was 20.1%, with a peak value of 22.3% at 350 W. Delta efficiency was 27.04%. Absolute maximal oxygen uptake and aerobic power output declined by 12.4 and 15.2% per decade, whereas power output at ILT and OBLA declined by 19.8 and 19.2%. Larger declines in maximal and submaximal values relative to body mass (19.4-26.1%) indicate that body composition changed more than aerobic characteristics. Nevertheless, Indurain’s absolute maximal and submaximal oxygen uptake and power output values still compare favorably with those exhibited by active professional cyclists.

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  1. Edward

    Hola Dr. Mujika,

    Sin duda que sus valores de “aerobic power output” sobre 400 vatios reflejan su calidad como atleta y como puede mantener esos valores altos de VO2max, FC y lactato respecto a su edad.
    Quisiera saber si en algún momento de su vida deportiva le hicieron test de genética y conocer si sus genotipos son “xx” o heterozygote “xy”. Seguro que no debe ser “rr”.
    Un cordial saludo.

    September 13, 2012
  2. Hola Edward, no estoy al tanto de ningún test genético que le hayan podido hacer.

    September 15, 2012