Elementary Anatomy and Physiology (VIII). Sleep

By Iñigo Mujika on May 28th 2015
Vino durmiente (Photo: Inigo Mujika)

Sleeping wine (Photo: Inigo Mujika)

 

I have written about sleep before. In my June 2011 blogpost Sleep, the key to recovery and training adaptation I mentioned the negative impact of insufficient sleep on recovery, training adaptation and competition performance. I also provided some practical tips to promote athletes’ sleep quantity and/or quantity.

This time I just want to share some fascinating texts about sleep that were published 155 years ago (Hitchcock & Hitchcock. Elementary Anatomy and Physiology for Colleges, Academies and Other Schools, 1860). Please note the horrible passing reference to Native Americans being tortured at the stake…

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Lost interview on periodization for triathlon

By Iñigo Mujika on May 11th 2015
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Eneko Llanos, Ainhoa Murua, Inigo Mujika and Hektor Llanos.

Eneko Llanos, Ainhoa Murua, Inigo Mujika and Hektor Llanos.

What follows is an interview that I did a few months ago for a triathlon magazine but never got published, except for a few extracts here and there within an article.

What are the limitations of a traditional periodization model (base, build…) for a triathlete racing five to 10 times per season?

A major limitation of a traditional periodization model is its inability to produce multiple performance peaks over the season. Although this may not be a big problem for a long-distance triathlete taking part in two or three major events in the season, it is clearly a handicap for an elite Olympic distance triathlete needing to perform repeatedly at the World Triathlon Series. In addition, such mixed training programmes may induce excessive fatigue, conflicting training responses and stagnation of improvement rate.

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Nouveau livre: L’affûtage

By Iñigo Mujika on March 5th 2015

Iñigo Mujika - L´AffutageLa période d’affûtage est une des phases essentielles dans la préparation physique d’un athlète, qui désigne les derniers jours ou les dernières semaines avant une échéance sportive importante. La difficulté de cette période cruciale réside dans l’équilibre que doit trouver l’entraîneur ou le préparateur physique, entre le repos nécessaire pour diminuer la fatigue accumulée et les stimulations nécessaires pour atteindre une performance optimale.

Quand doit-elle commencer ? Quelle est la stratégie la plus efficace ? Quels sont les éléments à prendre en compte pour l’adapter à chaque athlète ? Quels sont les gains attendus ?

Ce sont à toutes ces questions qu’ont tentés de répondre les auteurs de cet ouvrage, Iñigo Mujika et Laurent Bosquet, experts en physiologie de l’effort et mondialement reconnus en préparation physique.

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Physiology and Training of a World Champion Paratriathlete

By Iñigo Mujika on February 24th 2015
Paratriathlete Mikel Garmendia, crossing the finish line (Photo: Inigo Mujika)

Paratriathlete Mikel Garmendia, crossing the finish line (Photo: Inigo Mujika)

Mujika IOrbañanos JSalazar H.

Abstract

Paratriathlon will debut at the Rio 2016 Paralympic Games, but research documenting the physiological attributes and training practices of elite paratriathletes is lacking. This case study reports on the physiology and training of a Long Distance World Champion male paratriathlete (below the knee amputee) over 19 months. His body mass and skinfolds declined respectively by ≈4 kg and 30% in 2 months, and remained relatively constant thereafter. His swim test velocity increased by 4.4% over six months, but declined back to baseline thereafter. His absolute and relative cycling maximal aerobic power improved progressively by 21.8% and 32.6%, respectively. His power output at the individual lactate threshold (ILT) improved by 39.5% and 51.6%, and his power output at the onset of blood lactate accumulation (OBLA) by 59.7% and 73.4%. His maximal running aerobic velocity improved by 12.8%, and his velocity at ILT and OBLA increased by 38.9% and 44.9%, respectively. Over 84 weeks he performed 813 training sessions (248 swim, 229 bike, 216 run, 120 strength), i.e. 10±3 sessions/week (mean±SD). Swim, bike and run volumes were 709 km (8±3 km/wk), 519 h (6±4 h/wk) and 164 h (2±1 h/wk). Training at intensities below ILT, between ILT and OBLA, and above OBLA for swim were 82%±3%, 14%±1%, 4.4±0.4%; bike 91%±3%, 6.2%±0.5%, 3.3%±0.3%; run 88%±1%, 8.0%±0.3%, 3.5%±0.1%. The training volume for each discipline was lower than previously reported for competitive able-bodied Olympic distance triathletes. He won the Long Distance World Championship in 8h 14min 47s, nearly 30 min faster than his nearest competitor.

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Cycling is not the same without Euskaltel Euskadi

By Iñigo Mujika on February 6th 2015

Iñigo Mujika Volata Magazine

The January 2015 issue of Volata Magazine publishes a central report dedicated to Basque cycling, one year after the disappearance of the team Euskaltel Euskadi. In this issue, there is an article I wrote in which I describe my perception about the team and my own experience working in it. I hope you like it.

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Lecturing and consulting around the world

By Iñigo Mujika on December 23rd 2014
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GSSI Congress in Mexico City (Photo: Inigo Mujika)

GSSI Congress in Mexico City (Photo: Inigo Mujika)

No blog posts since September 2nd! I’ve been meaning to post something for a while now, but I never seemed to find the time, the energy or the inspiration to do it. The main reason for this dry spell is that I have been lecturing and consulting away lately, and going around the world (several times, I should say) while doing so.

Let’s see: on September 2nd I flew to Bogotá, Colombia, to lecture at the 4th International Congress on Sports Training; still in September, I lectured for the medical doctors of the Netherlands Olympic Committee not far from Amsterdam; and at the Gatorade Sports Science Institute International Congress in Mexico City.

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Nutritional recommendations for water polo

By Iñigo Mujika on September 2nd 2014
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Water polo match in Dubrovnik, Croatia (Photo: Inígo Mujika)

Water polo match in Dubrovnik, Croatia (Photo: Iñigo Mujika)

In my recent blogpost Nutrition in aquatic sports, I informed that an open access special issue of the International Journal of Sports Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism would soon be available, including a series of articles from the FINA consensus meeting on the topic. In that same post, I also mentioned that a paper on nutritional recommendations for water polo that I co-authored would soon be available too.

You can read the abstract of the water polo paper here, and you can access all of the full articles here.